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Military Insignia » Spanish Civil War Insignia » Nationalists » Breast Shield AVIAZIONE LEGIONARIA CRUPPO CICOGNE

Description

Breast Shield AVIAZIONE LEGIONARIA CRUPPO CICOGNE [GC12]
Breast Shield AVIAZIONE LEGIONARIA CRUPPO CICOGNE Breast Shield AVIAZIONE LEGIONARIA CRUPPO CICOGNE Breast Shield AVIAZIONE LEGIONARIA CRUPPO CICOGNE
Breast Shield AVIAZIONE LEGIONARIA CRUPPO CICOGNE [GC12]


   The Aviazione Legionaria was an expeditionary corp of the Italian Royal Air Force-Regia Aeronautica founded in 1936 and provided logistic support to the General Franco’s nationalist forces during the Spanish Civil War, along with the corresponding German Legion Condor, and the Italian troops Corpo Truppe Volontarie. With main base the island of Mallorca will operate from August 1936 until the end of the civil war in March 1939.
   With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in July 1936, General Franco, by the Italian consul in Tangier, tried to persuade Mussolini to send twelve transport aircraft, twelve reconnaissance aircraft, ten warplanes and 3000 bombs. Despite initial objections, Mussolini, on July 27, 1936, ordered the Regia Aeronautica to send 12 Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 bombers with aircrew and ground staff (all volunteers from the 7th, 10th and 13th Sq.). This will be the first unit, originally known as Aviación del Tercio. Flight crews and technicians supplied with civilian clothes and forged documents. All Italian symbols erased from airplanes to prevent possible complications with the European pro-Republican governments. A few months after arriving at the airport the Storks, will act to the end of the conflict by running bombing missions. 
     The Fiat BR20 Cicogna-stork was a well designed and durable medium bomber designed by the engineer Celestino Rosatelli, drawing its origin from the transport Fiat APR.2. Had two asteroid engines 745kW Fiat A.80 RC.41, with a maximum speed of 430 km /h at 4000 m, was armed with two machine guns of 7.7 mm and one of  12.7 mm. The prototype first flew on 10 February 1936 and the first unit of the Regia Aeronautica who received it was the 13 ° Stormo BT, of the Squadron witch stationed at Lonate Pozzolo.
   
With the start of the Spanish Civil War, nuclei of no 7th and 13th Stormi BT sent to Spain in May 1937 to strengthen the forces of Franco (first of all to earn combat experience and evaluate the aircraft). In June 1937, six BR.20 sent to Spain for use by Aviazione Legionaria, other seven in July 1938 who taking part in the bombings in Teruel and Ebro battle, proving their durability and accuracy. The BR.20 was fast enough to avoid entanglements with the democratic aviation Polikarpov I-16 and I-15 without actually having problems. Nine of the 13 BR.20 sent to Spain survived the fighting until the end of the war and postwar delivered to Ejército del Aire (EDA). Eventually while Storks proved successful, only 13 aircraft were sent to Spain compared with the at least 99 SM.79, which meant that the Sparviero SM.79 was an Italian bomber, especially for daily bombing missions.

    During the Italian attack on Greece the 37th Stormo acted with such planes from bases in Albania, and later operated over Crete.

The metal and the embroidered badge, was worn by the Italians of BR.20 towards the end of conflict. The aircrafts brought nationalists symbols, as the X at any wings while and on the fuselage was designed a dark circle. Later, was appeared the letter m-Mussolini on the center of the circles or a white sketch of a stork.

 

Weight: 0.01

Price: 30,24€ 

 
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